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Tuesday, November 20, 2007

┬íTodo el Poder al Pueblo! All Power to the People! 

Because the people are the only defense against an "endogenous right." *
1999
Article 70:
Participation and involvement of people in the exercise of their sovereignty in political affairs can be manifested by:
voting to fill public offices,
referendum,
consultation of public opinion,
mandate revocation,
constitutional and constituent legislative initiative,

open forums and meetings of citizens whose decisions shall be binding among others; and in social and economic affairs:
citizen service organs,

self-management, co-management, cooperatives in all forms,including those of a financial nature,

savings funds,
community enterprises, and other forms of association guided by the values of mutual
cooperation and solidarity.

The law shall establish conditions for the effective, functioning of
the means of participation provided for under the present article.

So OW mentioned that not much capital exist's in the country to speak of. However, the transfer of direct power al pueblo, represented here, helps them to further defend and organize for control over the "excess" value created by their communites. As the country develops, the people organized are the key to success, no matter what rabid reaction may come from present and future national or international contra.

Which is why we can expect the US and Europe to step up the bullshit through their private propaganda apparatus regarding this reform and the process in general. In their eye's this is an example that can not be tolerated.
- Aliva

Proposed reform:
Article 70:
Participation and involvement of the people in the direct exercise of their sovereignty and in the construction of Socialism, is manifested by:
voting to fill public offices,
referendum,
consultation of public opinion,
mandate revocation,
constitutional and constituent legislative initiative,
open forums,

Citizen Assemblies who's decisions will be binding in their respective territorial areas, as long as they do not contravene with that established in this constitution and the law;

Council's of the People's Power in the form of communal councils,workers councils, student's councils, farmer councils, artisan's councils, fishermen's councils, sports councils, youth councils, elder adult's councils, woman's councils, incapacitated people's councils, amongst others,

democratic management by the workers of direct or indirect social property enterprises,

the autonomous commune,

communal finance and micro-finance organizations,

cooperatives of communal property,

communal savings funds,

networks of free associated producers,

voluntary work,

community enterprises and other forms of association created to develop the values of mutual cooperation and socialist solidarity.

A national law will establish the conditions for the effective organization and functioning of the means of participation listed in this article
1999
Article 136:
Public Power is distributed among Municipal Power, that of the States Power and National Power.
National Public Power is divided into Legislative, Executive, Judicial, Citizen and Electoral.

Each of the branches of Public Power has its own functions, but the organs charged with exercising the same shall cooperate with one another in attaining the ends of the State.
Proposed reform:
Article 136:
Public Power is distributed territorially in the following manner:
People's , Municipal, State , and National power's.

In relation with the functions that it exercises, the National Public Power is divided into Legislative, Executive, Judicial, Citizen and Electoral.

Sovereignty lies with the people and is exercised directly through the People's Power. This power is not born from suffrage or any election but from the condition of groups of humanity organized as the base of the population.

The People's Power consisting of communities, communes, and autonomous city governments is expressed through communal councils, worker councils, student councils, farmer's councils, artisan's councils, fishermen's councils, sports councils, youth councils, elderly adult's councils, woman's councils, incapacitated people's councils, and other bodies that the law designates.

1999
Article 157:
The National Assembly, by a majority vote of its
members, shall have the power to delegate to the States or Municipalities certain matters under national competence, in order to promote decentralization.

Proposed reform:
Article157:
The National Assembly, by a majority vote of its
members, shall have the power to delegate to the organs of the People's power, the Federal District, Municipalities, and States various tasks of national competence in order to promote protagonist and participative democracy and the direct exercise of sovereignty.

1999
Article 158:
Decentralization, as a national policy, must add depth to democracy, bring power closer to the people and creating optimum conditions both for the exercise of democracy and for the effective
and efficient Fulfillment of government commitments.


Proposed reform:
Article 158:
As national policy the state shall promote the involement and participation of the people, transferring to them the power and creating the best conditions for the construction of a Socialist Democracy.
1999
Article 184:
Open and flexible mechanisms shall be created by law to cause the States and Municipalities to decentralize and transfer to communities and organized neighborhood groups services the latter manage and demonstrate the ability to provide, promoting:

(1)The transfer of services in the areas of health, education, housing, sports, culture, social programs, the environment, maintenance of industrial areas, maintenance and upkeep of urban
areas, neighborhood prevention and protective services, construction of public works projects and providing of public services. To this end, they shall have the power to enter into agreements,
whose content shall be guided by the principles of interdependence, coordination, cooperation and shared responsibility.


(2)Participation by communities and citizens, through neighborhood associations and nongovernmental organizations, in the
formulation of investment proposals for presentation before the state and municipal authorities in charge of preparing the pertinent investment plans, as well as participation in the execution, evaluation and control of works projects, social programs and public services within their jurisdiction.

(3)Participation in economic processes, stimulating manifestations of the social economy, such as cooperatives, saving funds, mutual funds and other forms of association.

(4)Participation by workers and communities in the running of public sector business enterprises, through self-management and joint management methods.

(5)Creation of community service enterprises, organizations and cooperatives as mechanisms to generate employment and social welfare, providing for their permanent existence through the design of policies whereby these groups are given means of participating.

(6)Creation of new decentralized organs at the parish, community, ward and neighborhood levels, with a view to guaranteeing the
principle of shared responsibility in the public administration of local and state governments, and developing process of self management and joint management in the administration and
control of state and municipal public services.

(7)Participation by communities in activities to establish closer ties with penal institutions and ties between the latter and the
general population.
Proposed reform:
Article 184:
A National Law will create mechanisms so that the National Power, States, and Municipalities
decentralize and transfer to the organized communities, communal councils, communes, and other entities of the People's Power the services they manage, promoting:

(1)Same as 1999 but the sentence starting with "To this end, they shall have..." is removed.

(2)Admission and participation by communal organizations in the administration of public state or municipal enterprises.

(3)Participation in economic processes, stimulating the distinct manifestations
of the social economy and a sustainable endogenous development, such as cooperatives, savings funds, collective and mixed social property enterprises, mutual funds and other forms of association, that permit the construction of the socialist economy.

(4)Participation by workers in the running of
public sector business enterprises.

(5) the same as 1999

(6)the transferring to communal organizations the control and administration of state and municipal public services with foundation in the principle of co-responsibility .

(7)Participation by communities in recreational, sports,and leisure activities, privileging those from the popular and national folklore.

The community organized will have as its maximum authority the Citizens Assembly of the People's Power, which designates and revokes the organs of the communal power in the communities, communes, and other political-territorial entities formed in a city,while being the primary political unit in those territories.

The communal council constitutes the executive decision organ of the Citizen's Assemblies, articulating and integrating diverse communal and social groups. It will assume a justice of peace and neighborhood protection and prevention.

The communal council projects will be financed with the contemplated resources in the National Fund of the People's Power established in article 167 of the constitution.

Everything related to the creation, integration, organization, and functioning of the communal councils will be regulated through its national law.

* endogenous right refers to detrimental self-serving elements within the Bolivarian movement.

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